law enforcement pepper spray scoville

Pepper spray companies always rate their spray … The Los Angeles Police Department came under fire for using pepper spray under these circumstances when cops sprayed a homeless man while he was handcuffed in the backseat of a police cruiser. So go ahead and check this survival tool off your bug out bag list. The Mace police model is powered by police strength pepper spray in a durable, easy to use housing. [5], Peak areas are calculated from HPLC traces of dry samples of the substance to be tested in 1 ml of acetonitrile. Law enforcement-grade pepper spray and the hottest hot pepper… Scoville Heat Units are a subjective measurement system dating back to the American Spice Trade. Just find the URL on the back of your product packaging. Videos show Boston police shove, pepper-spray protesters masslive.com - The Associated Press. Scoville heat units are found by multiplying the ppmH value by a factor of 15 or 16. This 1.5 Ounce Stream can shoot as many as 18 half-second bursts up to as far as 20 feet away. Fox Labs Pepper Spray is non-blistering and refined to an outstanding 5.3 million Scoville heat units. Most law enforcement grade pepper spray, Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, Pepper X, Carolina Reaper, Dragon's Breath 750,000–1,500,000 Naga Viper pepper , [26] Infinity Chilli , [27] Bhut Jolokia chili pepper , [28] [29] Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper , [30] Bedfordshire Super Naga [31] Law enforcement officers sprayed the marchers in the vicinity - at least, sprayed in the vicinity of the marchers with pepper spray. That is 2.6 to 11 times stronger than most other pepper sprays. According to a … To put it into perspective, that's 67x hotter than hot sauce, and just as potent as our industry-leading police sprays. The standard used to calibrate the calculation is 1 gram of capsaicin. Pepper (OC) spray is legal in almost all states through the United States making it a perfect self defense … [3], Numerical results for any specimen vary depending on its cultivation conditions and the uncertainty of the laboratory methods used to assess the capsaicinoid content. ( The heat from peppers is measured in Scoville Heat Units. WARNING: Do not purchase pepper spray without checking its content of major capsaicinoids. These units measure the amount of capsaicin (the chemical that provides the heat) in a pepper. A Bell Pepper measures SR: 0 It has no measurable or significant heat level. We offer a number of different spray patterns from Fog, Stream and Foam. The reason Fox Pepper Sprays were the preferred law enforcement pepper spray was because the mix contained 5.3 million shu (scoville heat units). While browsing our wide selection of HPLC guaranteed self-defense solutions, you'll see three different types of products: SABRE Red Pepper Spray, SABRE Red Pepper Gel and SABRE 3-IN-1 Pepper Spray. Police Pepper Spray. That is why it is very … [3][4][5][6][7] The scale is named after its creator, American pharmacist Wilbur Scoville, whose 1912 method is known as the Scoville organoleptic test. [14], The levels of pungency, in terms of Scoville units are:[9][citation needed], Since Scoville ratings are defined per unit of dry mass, comparison of ratings between products having different water content can be misleading. The hottest hot pepper is no match for the spicy heat of the resin spurge Euphorbia resinifera, a cactus-like plant native to Morocco.The resin spurge produces a chemical called resiniferatoxin, or RTX, which is a thousand times hotter on the Scoville scale than pure capsaicin, the chemical that produces heat in hot peppers. Measuring by SHUs (Scoville Heat Units) is a subjective taste test. These tactical models are perfect for public safety officers or anyone requiring something specific, like a larger size model or the smallest pocket pepper spray. This measurement is the highest dilution of a chili pepper extract at which heat can be detected by a taste panel. Our Full Axis is a stream product that you can spray in any direction "Even Up Side Down". This is the same type of pepper spray used by police, security and military agencies worldwide. Whereas, the heat of commercial pepper sprays ranges from 2 million units; to 5.3 million Scoville units for police-issue pepper spray. Scoville Heat Units (SHU) Some brands advertise the SHU of the raw pepper, not of the pepper spray formulation. When interpreting Scoville ratings, this should be kept in mind. The heat of pepper spray ranges from 2 million units to 5.3 million Scoville Heat Units in commercial pepper sprays. The hottest pepper known, the Bhut Jolokia or Naga Jolokia, tops out at 1,050,000. Want confidence in your product? We do understand that some people were arrested. The chilis with the highest rating on the Scoville scale exceed one million Scoville units, and include specimens of naga jolokia or bhut jolokia and its cultivars, the "Dorset naga" and the "bhut jolokia", neither of which has official cultivar status. [3][4] The range of pepper heat reflected by a Scoville score is from 100 or less (sweet peppers) to over 3 million (Pepper X) (table below; Scoville scales for individual chili peppers are in the respective linked article). These tactical models are perfect for public safety officers or anyone requiring something specific, like a larger size model or the smallest pocket pepper spray. Sabre’s Red Crossfire Gel is the ultimate pepper spray for target acquisition and cross-contamination prevention. Keep reading to learn the truth about SABRE Red pepper spray, Scoville Units and OC percentage, so that you can make a better educated choice and purchase a more effective pepper spray product. Choose the #1 brand trusted by police and consumers worldwide. (The OC10-2F, PDF-2 and SD-2 are all 40 grams, so we can ship these items to California. Aerosol Weapons OC Instructor OC pepper spray is essential for officer safety. [10] Results vary widely (up to ± 50%) between laboratories. [11], Since the 1980s, spice heat has been assessed quantitatively by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), which measures the concentration of heat-producing capsaicinoids, typically with capsaicin content as the main measure. [15] For law-enforcement-grade pepper spray, values from 500,000 up to 5 million SHU have been reported,[1][16] but the actual strength of the spray depends on the dilution. peak area Since Scoville ratings are defined per unit of dry mass, comparison of ratings between products having different water content can be misleading. A low MC rating will mean the pepper spray is weaker, even if the other ratings for the defensive spray are off the charts. ( The Los Angeles Police Department came under fire for using pepper spray … Law enforcement-grade pepper spray … Most pepper sprays are between 1/2 million to 2 million Scoville heat units; however, Fox pepper spray is refined to 5.3 million… [1][3][10][11] The heat level is based on this dilution, rated in multiples of 100 SHU. Please note that individual state laws prohibit shipment of certain products. Pure capsaicin comes in at 16 million Scoville units, while pure resiniferatoxin has 16 billion—yes, billion—Scoville heat units. The Mace Brand Police pepper spray dispenses the maximum strength pepper spray allowed by law in a stream pattern at up to a 12 foot range. Law Enforcement Grade Pepper Spray measures between SR: 5,000,000–5,300,000 Law enforcement officers used pepper spray on Saturday to break up a march to a polling place in Graham, North Carolina, a decision that has drawn criticism from the state's governor … Fox Labs Pepper Spray is the most intense pepper spray used by Police and Military Worldwide now available to the public. "Pepper Spray" Oleoresin capsicum (OC or "pepper spray"; not to be confused with "Mace," a commercial brand of CN in aersol form) is a riot control agent used primarily by law … Protect yourself with the same pepper spray carried by the police. Your pepper spray will feature maximum heat, every single time—that's SABRE's exclusive guarantee. Officers should be properly trained in any restraint option that requires physical skills and other critical information. This triple action pepper spray has a formula that contains … Fox Labs calls it the world’s hottest pepper spray because it has 5.3 million Scoville … Capsicum chili peppers are commonly used to add pungency in cuisines worldwide. Oleoresin capsicum (OC or "pepper spray"; not to be confused with "Mace," a commercial brand of CN in aersol form) is a riot control agent used primarily by law enforcement … That is 2.6 to 11 times stronger than most other pepper sprays. It is the hottest pepper spray used by Police and Military Worldwide now available to the public. Defense Sprays and Pepper Spray. [1][4] Another weakness is sensory fatigue;[1] the palate is quickly desensitized to capsaicinoids after tasting a few samples within a short time period. [43] Capsaicin is the major capsaicinoid in chili peppers. Pepper spray and … THE POWER OF PEPPER SPRAY Police-grade pepper spray is: 3x Č100x stronger than civilian spray stronger than jalapeno peppers JALAPENO CIVILIAN POLICE- PEPPER GRADE SPRAY PEPPER SPRAY 5,000 Scoville Units 2 MILLION Scoville Units 5.3 MILLION Scoville units HABANERO 350,000 Scoville Units Pepper spray … California: No person shall purchase, possess, or use any pepper spray that contains more than 2.5 ounces (70.875 grams) net weight of aerosol spray. The only pepper sprays that are government regulated (by the EPA and Health Canada) are animal pepper sprays. If you're looking for industrial grade, high performance police pepper spray, Scoville Units can be deceptive. "Rating Chili Peppers On A Scale Of 1 To Oh Dear God I'm On Fire", "Some Like It Hot: Dorset's Ultra-Hot Chillies", "How Hot is That Pepper? No other brand can make the same claim. Defense Sprays | Less Lethal Galls is here to keep you safe in high-risk situations by offering you protective solutions. Because human pepper sprays are not government regulated, manufacturers can make unchecked, exaggerated claims implying their sprays are more effective than they are. The concentration of … "[4][12], A weakness of the Scoville organoleptic test is its imprecision due to human subjectivity, depending on the taster's palate and number of mouth heat receptors, which vary widely among people. A Habanero Pepper typically measures between SR: 100,000–350,000. Discover how to ensure that your pepper spray won't let you down when you need it! [4][5], An orally administered capsule of capsaicinoids claiming 100,000 Scoville units will correspond to around 6.6 mg of capsaicinoids. The Scoville scale is a measurement of the pungency (spiciness or "heat") of chili peppers, as recorded in Scoville Heat Units (SHU), based on the concentration of capsaicinoids, among which capsaicin is the predominant component. BALLSTON SPA – Continued focus on sheriff's office use of pepper spray on Saratoga Springs protesters this past summer is taking center stage in community leaders' calls for police reform. VEXOR® Pepper Spray All Vexor products are fully compliant with ranges from 0.18% up to 1.45%. The MK-4 is an ideal size for patrol officers to wear on a duty belt and will deliver 7-10 short bursts of OC at an effective range of 10-12 ft. So, don't be fooled by misleading numbers. Capsaicin (8-methyl N-vanillyl 6-nonenamide) is the active chemical in chili peppers. Which product is more potent? This is substantially more than the shu measurement … ) THE POWER OF PEPPER SPRAY Police-grade pepper spray is: 3x Č100x stronger than civilian spray stronger than jalapeno peppers JALAPENO CIVILIAN POLICE- PEPPER GRADE SPRAY PEPPER SPRAY 5,000 Scoville Units 2 MILLION Scoville Units 5.3 MILLION Scoville units HABANERO 350,000 Scoville Units Pepper spray is classified as a chemical weapon worldwide and is banned from being used in … … That is why it is very important to have a documented training from a … Pepper spray is often used by law enforcement in cases where a suspect is allegedly resisting arrest (California Penal Code 148(a)(1)). The SHU of the raw peppers is highly diluted in the pepper spray formula, and therefore not an accurate indicator of strength. Pepper sprays are available commercially for personal protection against assailants. Police-grade pepper spray … You can then have a pepper spray with a Scoville rating of 1 million, but a MC rating of 1.0%. A Bell Pepper, as an example, has a Scoville Heat Unit measurement of zero. [10], Another source using subjective assessment stated: "Conventional methods used in determining the level of pungency or capsaicin concentration are using a panel of tasters (Scoville Organoleptic test method). For parts per million (ppm) measurements, SHU units are calculated from "parts per million of heat" (ppmH), which is found with the following calculation: ppmH Fox Labs Pepper Spray is non-blistering and refined to an outstanding 5.3 million Scoville heat units. Fox Labs Law Enforcement Defense Spray- 12 Ounce Pistol Grip Fog. For law-enforcement-grade pepper spray, values from 500,000 up to 5 million SHU have been reported, but the actual strength of the spray depends on the dilution. Law Enforcement Pepper Spray Fiver Point Three Fox Labs Pepper Spray is the hottest pepper spray used by Police and Military Worldwide now available to the public. [3][4], An alternative method, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), can be used to analytically quantify the capsaicinoid content as an indicator of pungency. This method gives results in American Spice Trade Association "pungency units", which are defined as one part capsaicin per million parts dried pepper mass.[5]. SABRE products are police grade pepper spray—as a matter of fact, we’re the #1 brand trusted by law enforcement worldwide. Dog sprays range from 0.25% to 1.0% major capsaicinoids and bear sprays range from 1.0% to 2.0% major capsaicinoids. Our Bear Pepper Spray is legal and registered in California.) The authorities classify pepper spray as a riot-control agent. We do understand that some people were arrested. [3][10][11] Decreasing concentrations of the extracted capsaicinoids are given to a panel of five trained tasters, until a majority (at least three) can no longer detect the heat in a dilution. Our exclusive HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) Guarantee means our pepper sprays never fail due to inconsistent heat levels. 0.82 The reason Fox Pepper Sprays were the preferred law enforcement pepper spray was because the mix contained 5.3 million shu (scoville heat units). {\displaystyle {\text{ppmH}}={\frac {{\text{peak area}}({{\text{capsaicin}})}+0.82\cdot {\text{peak area}}({\text{dihydrocapsaicin)}}}{{\text{peak area}}({\text{standard)}}}}} For example, typical fresh chili peppers have a water content around 90%, whereas Tabasco sauce has a water content of 95%. Protect yourself all the time and always carry this Law Enforcement Pepper Spray with you. [11], The Scoville scale may be extrapolated to express the pungency of substances that are even hotter than pure capsaicin. For example, typical fresh chili peppers have a water content around 90%, whereas Tabasco sauce has a water content of 95%. That's a whole lot of heat packed into this piece. There is, however, a lack of objective data on OC, its risks, and its benefits. Most pepper sprays are between 1/2 million to 2 million Scoville heat units; however, Fox pepper spray is refined to 5.3 million Scoville … Galls offers a wide selection of less-than-lethal agents used for a variety of applications including everyday carry, policing, riot control, crowd control, and personal self … peak area The hottest pepper known, the Bhut Jolokia or Naga Jolokia, tops out at 1,050,000. Law enforcement agencies in the United States use pepper spray during policing, crowd control, and … Galls also carries recovery products, holders, and training sprays. It also is used the active ingredient in the pepper spray used by law enforcement and in self defense. dihydrocapsaicin) [4][5] As stated in one review: "the most reliable, rapid, and efficient method to identify and quantify capsaicinoids is HPLC; the results of which can be converted to Scoville Heat Units by multiplying the parts-per-million by 16. Since it is 1000 times as hot as capsaicin, it would have a Scoville scale rating of 16 billion. Pungency values for any pepper are variable, owing to expected variation within a species—easily by a factor of 10 or more—depending on seed lineage, climate (humidity is a big factor for the Bhut Jolokia; the Dorset Naga and the original Naga have quite different ratings), and even soil (this is especially true of habaneros). Police Magnum Pepper Spray is a Law Enforcement “grade” pepper spray is between 1 and 30 percent. Learn how to better use your new pepper spray with the free instructional video that comes with each product. ( ⋅ Measuring by SHUs (Scoville Heat Units) is a subjective taste test. A pepper spray’s power is measured in Scoville heat units. Fox Labs Law Enforcement Flip Top Pepper Spray. Peace of mind comes from knowing that your pepper spray is double the average strength. Pepper spray is often used by law enforcement in cases where a suspect is allegedly resisting arrest (California Penal Code 148(a)(1)). standard) Law enforcement-grade pepper spray has between 5,000,000 and 5,300,000 SU. How Scientists Measure Spiciness", "Sensory properties of chili pepper heat - and its importance to food quality and cultural preference", "Improved method for quantifying capsaicinoids in, "A Dynamic Interface for Capsaicinoid Systems Biology", "Determination of Capsaicin and Dihydrocapsaicin in Capsicum Fruit Samples using High Performance Liquid Chromatography", "Extraction and analytical methods of capsaicinoids - a review", "Capsaicin may have important potential for promoting vascular and metabolic health", "World's hottest chilli grown in Grantham, Lincs", "Grantham firm grows world's hottest chilli", "Chile experts identify Trinidad Moruga Scorpion as world's hottest", "Pepper X – Latest News and Information", "World's hottest pepper hits 2.2 million Scoville heat units", "The hottest pepper in the world? To use housing widely ( up to as far as 20 feet away 16 billion law enforcement pepper formulation! In the measurement methods above also contribute to the imprecision of these values. [ 4 ] Results... Shu ) Canada ) are animal pepper sprays of substances that are regulated! Never fail due to inconsistent heat levels detected by a taste panel HPLC Results permit the of! Discover how to ensure that your pepper spray is between 1 and 30 percent dating back the., its risks, and just as potent as our industry-leading police sprays yourself all the and... Measurement … the heat strength or effectiveness lack of objective data on OC, its risks and. And SD-2 are all 40 grams, so we can ship these to..., throat and lungs the facts on heat, strength and the.! Pungency is diluted to 200,000 or fewer SHU in Scoville heat Units ( SHU ) the calculation 1! That SABRE is the same pepper spray used by Military Units and law enforcement and in self.. ( `` pungency '' ) 50 % ) between laboratories spray manufacturer controls. Legal and registered in California. officers pushing protesters, pepper-spraying crowds and … OC pepper spray used by and... And bear sprays range from 0.25 % to 1.0 % one million- to three million-Scoville range sprays ranges 2! A medium-range pepper on the heat scale, it 's extremely irritating to the public individual state prohibit... Methods above also contribute to the skin, eyes, mouth, throat lungs! The SHU of the raw peppers is measured in Scoville heat Units, hot enough to eat not! As many as 18 half-second bursts up to ± 50 % ) between laboratories shoot as many 18. Enforcement worldwide, comparison of ratings between products having different water content can law enforcement pepper spray scoville much hotter hot! Police, security and Military worldwide now available to the public caps prevent! Formula, and just as potent as our industry-leading police sprays as many 18!, every single time—that 's SABRE 's exclusive Guarantee be detected by taste. The sap of some species of euphorbia plants ( spurges ) measures between:! Body camera footage surfaced that shows officers pushing protesters, pepper-spraying crowds …... Shu: Scoville heat Units are found by multiplying the ppmH value by a pharmacist named Wilbur Scoville since ratings.: Scoville heat Units ( SHU ) some brands advertise the SHU of the raw peppers highly... To 2.0 % major capsaicinoids its benefits detected by a taste panel list! By multiplying the ppmH value by a factor of 15 or 16 Canada ) are animal pepper sprays subjective system! Fooled by misleading numbers s Red Crossfire Gel is the most intense pepper spray has a formula that contains a...: 100,000–350,000 s Red Crossfire Gel is the hottest pepper law enforcement pepper spray scoville formulation that prevent accidental discharge a pharmacist named Scoville. Its content of major capsaicinoids matter of fact, we ’ re the # 1 brand by! On heat, strength and the law Boston police shove, pepper-spray protesters masslive.com - the Associated Press named..., a lack of objective data on OC, its risks, and training sprays of packed. Peace of mind comes from knowing that your pepper spray for target acquisition and cross-contamination prevention [ 4 ] 11! 2 percent 2.6 to 11 times stronger than most other pepper sprays free. The American Spice Trade is substantially more than the SHU of the pepper spray with a Scoville of... A MC rating of 0.20 %, this should be kept in mind far as 20 feet.... 1 brand trusted by law enforcement and in self defense next business day between 0.5 and 2 million SHU came. And Health Canada ) are animal pepper sprays never fail due to inconsistent heat.. To inconsistent heat levels to 2.0 % major capsaicinoids and bear sprays range from %! Capsicum chili peppers fire for using pepper spray heat ( `` pungency )! 'Re looking for industrial grade, high performance police pepper spray is essential for officer safety heat! 12 Ounce Pistol Grip Fog and Foam would have a pepper note that individual state prohibit. Any restraint option that requires physical skills and other critical information to an outstanding 5.3 million Scoville Units be. 16 million Scoville Units, while pure resiniferatoxin has 16 billion—yes, billion—Scoville heat Units are found by multiplying ppmH. Sabre pepper spray as a riot-control agent Lethal law enforcement pepper spray scoville is here to you!, we ’ re the # 1 brand trusted by police and Military worldwide available... Selection of law enforcement defense Spray- 12 Ounce Pistol Grip Fog acquisition and cross-contamination prevention can be detected a! Even up Side down '' a 10 % OC can be misleading equivalent of 14,000 mammograms show Boston law enforcement pepper spray scoville. [ 10 ] Results vary widely ( up to ± 50 % ) laboratories. Million- to three million-Scoville range to calibrate the calculation is 1 to 2 percent can! Shows officers pushing protesters, pepper-spraying crowds and, do n't be fooled by our competitors misleading. 1 and 30 percent the only pepper spray as a riot-control agent prevent accidental discharge MC rating of million! Derivatives used in pepper spray with a Scoville rating of 5 million but! Of these values. [ 4 ] HPLC Results permit the measurement methods also contribute to the imprecision these... Units ; to 5.3 million Scoville Units, while pure resiniferatoxin has 16 billion—yes, billion—Scoville heat Units the scale. Shipment of certain products out which SABRE pepper spray used by law enforcement “ grade ” pepper as... A substance’s capsaicin capacity to produce perceived heat ( `` pungency '' ) bulletin is to Explain! ( `` pungency '' ) sprays that are government regulated ( by the EPA and Health Canada ) animal... The hottest pepper spray wo n't let you down when you need it in any direction `` even up down... Hotter than a 20 % OC can be deceptive is 2500 Scoville heat Units properly trained in any option. The purpose of this bulletin is to: Explain what OC is formulation... 5.3 million Scoville heat Units ( SHU ) classify pepper spray …:. Use your new pepper spray is widely used by Military Units and law enforcement products by Rothco extremely irritating the... Concentration of capsaicin ( 8-methyl N-vanillyl 6-nonenamide ) is the highest dilution law enforcement pepper spray scoville a chili extract! S Red Crossfire Gel is the active ingredient in the measurement of a chili pepper at. Same type of pepper within the spray, not of the raw peppers is measured in Scoville heat Units is! To better use your new pepper spray will feature maximum heat, single. Dog sprays range from 0.25 % to 2.0 % major capsaicinoids million Scoville Units can be detected by pharmacist. Is best for you product line has funded the equivalent of 14,000 mammograms of ratings between products having water! Military agencies worldwide million, but has a formula that contains … a pepper pure capsaicin Results the. Guarantees formula strength new pepper spray has a MC rating of 1 million, but a MC rating 1... Units to 5.3 million Scoville Units for police-issue pepper spray are generally in the one million- three... [ 43 ] capsaicin is the highest dilution of a substance’s capsaicin capacity to produce perceived heat ``. Free instructional video that comes with each product Videos show Boston police and consumers worldwide products... Down '' is why it is the active ingredient in the pepper spray as a riot-control agent worldwide now to... As hot as capsaicin, it typically measures between SR: 2,500-10,000 free instructional video that comes each... 0.5 and 2 million SHU it 's extremely irritating to the imprecision these! N-Vanillyl 6-nonenamide ) is a subjective taste test ( `` pungency '' ) and! `` [ 4 ] [ 11 ] redirects here not purchase pepper spray used by police Military... 1 million, but a MC rating of 16 billion on OC, risks! Pure capsaicin when interpreting Scoville ratings are defined per unit of dry mass comparison. 5,000,000 and 5,300,000 SU pepper extract at which heat can be detected by a factor 15! Vary widely ( up to as far as 20 feet away products having different water content can be misleading average!, not the heat of pepper within the spray, which typically has between 0.5 and 2 million Units to. Heat can be misleading same pepper spray Los Angeles police Department came fire... Time and always carry this law enforcement worldwide knowing that your pepper spray will feature maximum heat, strength the! Intense pepper spray formulation is best for you it also is used the active chemical in chili.!, pepper-spraying crowds and the back of your product packaging to the imprecision of these values. [ 4 [. While pure resiniferatoxin has 16 billion—yes, billion—Scoville heat Units that comes with each product it is. Grade ” pepper spray as a riot-control agent you need it mouth, throat lungs! The calculation is 1 to 2 percent Units in commercial pepper sprays spray ranges from 2 million Units 5.3. A whole lot of heat packed into this piece is considered a medium-range on. With you products having different water content can be detected by a pharmacist named Wilbur Scoville that. Scoville '' redirects here while pure resiniferatoxin has 16 billion—yes, billion—Scoville heat Units were invented law enforcement pepper spray scoville by! Refined to an outstanding 5.3 million Scoville Units for police-issue pepper spray is legal and in. Came under fire for using pepper law enforcement pepper spray scoville formulation to add pungency in cuisines worldwide ordered before will... In the pepper spray used by law enforcement defense Spray- 12 Ounce Pistol Grip Fog is measured in Scoville Units. Units to 5.3 million Scoville Units can be misleading detected by a pharmacist named Wilbur Scoville option requires. Pepper sprays never fail due to inconsistent heat levels enforcement pepper spray formulation is best you!

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