cost of coastal sustainable development

The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. These Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) included SDG 14, to "conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development." Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Natural Science Edition) (in Chinese), 32(4): 134–138, Woodward R T, Wui Y S. 2001. 2006. A compact and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of large vessels according to international legislation. 2014. From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Rethinking China’s new great wall. 2006. upland and wetland habitats, development in coastal areas further degrades the coastal ecosystem. 2011. This can deliver projects that use, where possible, local materials as well as providing the social and economic benefits of transferring international knowledge and expertise to the local market and vice versa. Clients and investors looking at remote locations in the Middle East need to consider a number of factors and trends. 2003. Land has been widely reclaimed in large area in coastal zones all over the world to relieve the pressure of land shortage, promoting social development and economic growth. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0. 2009. Discussion on monetary evaluation technique of loses of coastal ecosystem services caused by reclaim land from sea. Ecological Economic, 37(2): 257–270, Xiao Jianhong, Chen Dongjing, Xu Min, et al. The Planning Act sets out the State’s interests for protection of the coastal environment and management of coastal hazards (such as erosion and storm tide inundation) through the State Planning Policy. First, let's define sustainable development. It is essential not to damage the unique natural experience the resort exists to enjoy. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) - Education 2030 Steering Committee has issued recommendations focusing on financing education as a public good, strengthening national ownership and addressing data gaps as part of its work to steer progress towards meeting internationally agreed targets for education. - 184.107.112.56. San Francisco, California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited. Elements of Marine Ecology: An Introductory Course. The Thai Government's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) has calculated that erosion causes the country to lose 30 km 2 of coastal land every year. Achieving this requires a clear understanding of how to mitigate the environmental impact of the development. Annual processes of land reclamation from the sea along the Northwest Coast of Bohai Bay during 1974 to 2010. Value Assessment Environmental Rresources of Forest of China—Sub-project of natural resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci & Tech (in Chinese). It may seem sustainable at the outset, but when considered, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost to projects. The project is estimated to cost US$94 million and expected to be complete in fiscal 2023-24. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. Google Scholar, Barbier E B. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China. Evaluating flood resilience strategies for coastal megacities. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. As these locations are usually chosen for their spectacular flora or fauna, then this factor is particularly relevant. Ocean & Coastal Management, 102: 393–397, Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang. 2005. The Committee has now released its recommendations, made during its Acta Oceanologica Sinica 2002. 2012. The average density of people in coastal regions is 3 times higher than the global average density. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. Ecological Economics, 41(3): 393–408, El Banna M M, Frihy O E. 2009. Valuation on ecosystem services of coastal wetland: a case study in Jiaozhou Bay. Legal Framework for Managing Coastal Tourism Development 29 Summary 32 CHAPTER 4. In: Fukushima Y, Burnett W, Taniguchi M, et al., eds. Retention effect of wetland for nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the coastal zone of the Yancheng. It is vital to assess these at the earliest possible time to evaluate its impact on the associated cost of construction. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 83(2): 133–147, Song Dehai, Wang Xiaohua, Zhu Xueming, et al. It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. 11: Sustainable cities and communities Increase in average global flood losses in coastal cities to USD 1 trillion per year with constant spending on flood defences (Hallegatte et al., 2013) - Improve land-use planning -Increase investment in ecosystem based and traditional coastal defences - Adopt improved building standards Science, 346(6212): 912–914, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 1999. Coastal population growth and development on coasts. Natural Hazards, 63(2): 1269–1272, Zhang Biao, Li Wenhua, Xie Gaodi. Coastal management Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. Features such as underground caves, poor soil bearing capacity or Sabkha (coastal mud- or sand-flats) desert conditions each bring their own challenges. Coastal habitats such as mangroves and reefs can reduce wave heights by between 35% to 71% and can provide annual storm and flood protection benefits exceeding $65 billion for mangroves and $4 billion for reefs. ... Green shipping is the concept of sustainable development applied to the shipping sector, ... Coastal trading vessel, used for … 1994. Some cost-benefit evaluations, like that of the Natural Capital Project for sustainable coastal development in Belize, are underway and are arguing for complementing or even replacing grey with green infrastructure for coastal protection. Integrating ecological damages into the user charge for land reclamation: a case study of Xiamen, China. Correspondence to The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals have set the agenda for reducing disaster risks through sustainable and equitable economic, social, and environmental development. 1999. Marine Environmental Science (in Chinese), 28(6): 749–754, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, Hong Huasheng, et al. It also p… This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Ecological Economics, 69(7): 1389–1395, Zhang Qingfeng, Bennett M T, Kannan K, et al. Sin. 2014. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The solution is a blend of international and local consultants. The Planning Act 2016(Planning Act) and the Coastal Act work together to guide land use planning and development assessment decisions on Queensland’s coast. Washington, DC: Island Press, 245, Murray N J, Phinn S R, Clemens R S, et al. Foundation item: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746. 1997. 2009. Nature, 516(7529): 31–33, Hayashi T, Miyakoshi A. Environmental impacts of sea reclamation in Jiaozhou Gulf, Shandong province of China. We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly. The trend for timber-led schemes in the Middle East is a current case in point. Please try refreshing the page. 2006. Therefore, collaboration from the earliest stage of the project’s development will allow for these differences to be identified and solutions found – hence securing a smooth delivery process. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. Ecological damage appraisal of sea reclamation: theory, method and application. Three stages in the history of land reclamation in the Netherlands. Payments for Ecological Services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and Innovations in the People’s Republic of China. From the Binhai New Area of Tianjin to the Caofeidian New Area of Tangshan, the undergoing project of land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China, is the largest in the world. 2008. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem. Consulting environmental impacts at every stage of the planning and design process is vital to prevent proposals being rejected on environmental grounds. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 61(11): 1189–1199, Wang Jing. London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 448, Tan Saichun, Shi Guangyu. Scientific Reports, 4: 5995, Hoeksema R J. Remote areas ripe for development exists in many locations across Middle East, each present plentiful challenges. Nanjing: Nanjing Normal University, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. 2008. Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, and infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. Part of Springer Nature. Suggestions for land reclamation oriented to sustainable development in the study area are put forward, including a rational planning based on the comprehensive evaluation, reducing the amount of land reclamation area, optimizing the structure of the reclaimed land, reclaiming land with the concept of “low impact development” and implementing ecological compensation mechanisms, etc. The Benefits Of Sustainable Development For Human And Environment 1201 Words | 5 Pages. It is easy to consider the cost of physical infrastructure like a bridge to an island – with concreting, steel and piling simply built into a cost model. 2014. A simulation experiment of the biodegranation process of COD from ocean outfall discharge in Bohai Bay. A. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 20(5): 714–726, Sohma A, Sekiguchi Y, Nakata K. 2009. Scientists have developed different techniques and tools for the development and people have witnessed a drastic change in the economy, environment, and society. Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 32(8): 1006–1012, Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing, 100028, China, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences & Laboratory for Earth Surface Process of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China, Gaoru Zhu, Xuegong Xu, Hui Wang & Zhe Feng, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130012, China, The Editorial Department of Journal of Capital Normal University, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100037, China, School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geoscience, Beijing, 100083, China, You can also search for this author in 2012. 2013. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 30(1): 5914–5924, Wang Jing, Xu Min, Zhang Yiming, et al. A blended team can also overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies. PubMed Google Scholar. 4th ed. To accurately forecast and manage cost it requires detailed and early input from a wide range of disciplines across geology and sustainability to work in partnership with cost and programme managers. These have both positive and negative effects. Hopeton Austin Sound coastal planning and management is vital to help protect and conserve the coast’s important cultural, ecological and natural values. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Framework for Assessment. Predictive valuation of ecosystem services losses from sea reclamation planning projects in Tong’an Bay. economic and social development. Estimating the ecosystem service losses from proposed land reclamation projects: a case study in Xiamen. Estimating costs and benefits of coastal adaptation. Experience a semester of sustainability in Costa Rica, home to rainforests, volcanoes, rushing waterfalls, and a laid-back culture that reflects the national motto: “Pura Vida.” Immerse yourself in the country’s many national parks, farms, and tropical ecosystems full of incredible biodiversity. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. Science, 344(6183): 473–475, Article  Ecosystem services assessment: a review under an ecological-economic and systems perspective. Ecological Economy (in Chinese), 1): 179–182, Zhu Gaoru, Xu Xuegong. Study of coastal water zone ecosystem health in Zhejiang Province based on remote sensing data and GIS. The links between ocean-based sectors and land-based economies mean that these impacts have economic and … Therefore, ensuring that clients and investors take time to consider these and other factors ahead of time is critical to a project’s development and financial viability. 2014. 17.3 ... Financing and cost evaluation. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 553–558, Häyhä T, Franzese P P. 2014. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin (in Chinese), 20(10): 1248–1254, Xie Gaodi, Zhen Lin, Lu Chunxia, et al. Modeling studies of the far-field effects of tidal flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the East China Seas. Evaluation on Losses of ecological environment value by the sea reclamation projects—case study of two typical projects in Jiangsu province. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait (in Chinese), 18(2): 199–204, Ma Zhijun, Melville D S, Liu Jianguo, et al. The Korean tidal flat systems: Toward transformation from land reclamation to wetland protection. The costs of gas regulation and marine food supply account for the greatest parts of the total value. Biodiversity Research Report of China (in Chinese). Bird Conservation International, 21(3): 241–259, Zhang Baolei. Sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (henceforth the 2030 Agenda) aims for conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas, and marine resources, explicitly considering coastal areas in two of its targets (14.2 and 14.5). 2009. Impacts of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow Sea waterbird staging and wintering sites. Haihe Water Resources (in Chinese), 6): 71–72, Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al. Expert knowledge based valuation method of ecosystem services in China. 2013. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Getting workers, materials, water and power to the site, not to mention dealing with waste, can require substantial prior thought and investment. 2009. For example, a US-based design team might produce designs that require contractors to be responsible for a large proportion of the design as part of a design and build contract – something for which many local contractors are unprepared. 2010b. Nantong, China: Nantonghexin Construction Survey and Design Institute Limited, Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua. To clarify the environmental issues and benefit sustainable development of the coastal zone, we conducted both retrospective and predictive assessments of the ecological cost caused by land reclamation on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China. Integrated management and sustainable development of coastal and marine areas, including exclusive economic zones. Remote sensing for ocean primary productivity and its spatio-temporal variability in the China seas. 1998. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, Zhang Hui, Sun Yinglan. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 23(5): 911–919, Yang Hongyan, Chen Bing, Barter M, et al. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, Chen Zhenghua, Pan Delu, Bai Yan. The advantages are so much that they are not exhaustive. Coastal Properties at Big Risk - Letter / The Augusta Chronicle by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - July 6, 2018 Hidden costs of dirty energy are high LTE Savannah Now, May 2018 Holding Big Oil accountable for deceptive tactics - OPINION / The Times-Union by David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast - April 6, 2018 Using a consistent valuation methodology, it estimates the cost of coastal degradation in three Nigerian states: Cross River, Delta and Lagos. Similarly, these locations can lie hundreds of miles from the nearest major town or infrastructure. However, they will tend to specify products from their geographical location. Xuegong Xu. Research on the theory and method of marine resources evaluation-taking the parcel sea evaluation of reclamation sea use for example (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Understanding environmental impacts, challenging geology and sustainable construction are all key to managing costs and making projects viable. Marine Ecology (in Chinese). 2010b. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 269, Li Zhenzhen, Wang Yuanle, Zhao Lijun. Coastal development impacts may be direct (e.g., land filling, dredging, coral and sand mining for construction) or indirect (e.g., increased runoff of sediment and pollutants). 2004. Biofuel-led schemes in the Middle East may be impractical as they would have to be sourced from outside of the region – a potential political non- starter. 2012. Climate change: Protect the world’s deltas. 2009. Basis for action. Ecological Economics, 69(12): 2549–2556, Wang Xuan, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Luoping, et al. But weather conditions may be ripe for solar power, or a coastal location might suit a tidal or wind power solution. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology (in Chinese), 3): 34–38, Zheng Wei, Shi Honghua, Xu Zongjun, et al. Ecological Modelling, 289: 124–132, He Qiang, Bertness M D, Bruno J F, et al. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 430, Chen Yinfa. Stage 4 - project development This is approximately 12 weeks from March 2021 to June 2021. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 133: 147–160, Tait R V, Dipper F. 1998. 2007. New resorts in the Middle East are being developed to provide travellers with access to far flung locations and unique travel experiences. Human-induced changes in the geomorphology of the northeastern coast of the Nile delta, Egypt. Table 1.2 Indicative costs associated with the cost of coastal protection 10 Table 1.3 Key cost considerations for coastal works 11 Table 1.4 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with beach recycling/recharge 13 Table 1.5 Example costs from the Environment Agency Unit Cost Database associated with coastal walls 14 1999. Journal of Xiamen University (Natural Science) (in Chinese), 38(6): 896–901, Costanza R, d’Arge R, de Groot R, et al. Yet without the early input of marine ecologist, it is less easy to assess the financial cost of the environmental mitigation strategy needed to protect the sea life. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. Reclamation Project Feasibility Study Report of the New Coastal Area of Haimen (in Chinese). Development along the coast is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes, nor’easters, and other kinds of severe weather. The economic value of wetland services: a meta-analysis. Loss appraisal on the value of marine ecosystem services of sea reclamation for Qianwan. A preliminary study on evaluation of coastal sea water environmental capacity. Plans to deliver a better, fairer farming system in England have been set out by government today. Nature, 387(6630): 253–260, de Groot R S, Wilson M A, Boumans R M J. Aerts J C J H, Botzen W J W, Emanuel K, et al. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. Asia has become a focus of land reclamation with the rapid industrialization and urbanization. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations. Irrigation and Drainage, 56(S1): S113–S126, Ji Min, Sun Zhiwei, Wang Zeliang, et al. Globally, the number of people living on the coast is increasing. Ecosystem services research in China: progress and perspective. 2014. Sustainable Development Goal 14 ... activities artificially profitable by reducing costs or ... coastal and marine environments as well as those ac- The Environment Agency will invite the 25 selected areas to enter a funded development stage. Sustainability as part of coastal development is achieved at the intersection of the ecological, economic, and social spheres represented by the three components of sustainable development. 36, 97–104 (2017). Application of an ecosystem model for the environmental assessment of the reclamation and mitigation plans for seagrass beds in Atsumi Bay. Geomorphology, 107(1–2): 72–78, Giosan L, Syvitski J, Constantinescu S, et al. Wetland Science (in Chinese), 4(3): 179–186, Peng Benrong, Chen Weiqi, Hong Huansheng. Zhu, G., Xu, X., Wang, H. et al. 2010a. Discussion on seawall project level of ‘Richness’ road section. Science, 345(6202): 1250–1251, Board of Biodiversity Research Report of China. It has been stated that there has been over a 35% increase in the population of people living on the coasts since 1995. Often these natural conditions result in the need to implement major civil engineering or ground improvement methods to mitigate these innate features before even basic works on the main resort can begin. Coastal wetland ecological service value loss appraisal of reclamation—take the coastal wetland reclamation of Haimen for example. Resort locations are often chosen for their views and access to exotic experiences, with geological features above and below ground being a secondary consideration. 2011. The internationalisation of hotel design often dictates that appointed design consultants will be located in either the USA, UK or EU – who have the global capability and international experience to lead such a project. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 29(5): 27–34, Chen Weiqi, Wang Xuan. Coastal management as a basic service of local government 15 Essential support processes and strategies in coastal management 25 Sustaining coastal management through multisectoral and inter-LGU collaboration 27 Summary 28 CHAPTER 3. 2011. Remotely Sensed Evidence of the Rapid Loss of Tidal Flats in the Yellow Sea. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 30(6): 731–736, Koh C H. 2014. An estimate of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters. Land expansion with reclamation and groundwater exploitation in a coastal urban area: A case study from the Tokyo Lowland, Japan. The last half century has seen significant, and in many cases abrupt and irreversible, changes across the world’s coast lines. Nowadays, erosion predominates in the coastal zones around the world; … Also, better estimates of maintenance costs and the additional services and benefits (including coastal access, fish production, carbon sequestration) or lack thereof, for both artificial and nature-based defences are required when evaluating the overall costs and benefits of a restoration project that includes coastal protection as an objective. Acta Oceanol. 2010a. Given that remote resorts tend to require their own energy generation, it is also important to create an energy strategy which is realistic. The Agenda 21 adopted by UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992 emphasised the need to adopt the concept of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) for sustainable utilisation of coastal and marine resources and prevention of … The results are striking: in 2018 alone, floods, erosion and pollution in these three states cost society US$9.7 billion, or 2.4 percent of the country’s GDP. Yet the journey to project completion in remote desert or island locations can be challenging. Integrated coastal management aims for the coordinated application of the different policies affecting the coastal zone and related to activities such as nature protection, aquaculture, fisheries, agriculture, industry, off shore wind energy, shipping, tourism, development of infrastructure and mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 25(3): 341–351, Peng Benrong, Hong Huasheng, Chen Weiqi, et al. volume 36, pages97–104(2017)Cite this article. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in We calculated the ecological costs of ten aspects of the four ecosystem services, i.e., supply, regulation, support and culture, with the monetary estimate approach. The ecological cost of land reclamation and its enlightenment to coast sustainable development in the northwestern Bohai Bay, China. 2010. Implementation of the Ayeyarwady Coastal Region Development Project, an expressway connecting Ayeyarwady Region and Rakhine State listed under the Myanmar Project Bank, will start from this fiscal year, according to the Ministry of Construction. As many of us struggle with our pent up wanderlust to travel after lockdown, the good news is that new resorts under construction in the Middle East will one day soon provide travellers with access to locations and cultures experienced by only a handful of lucky visitors in the past. Associate Director, Counting the cost of remote resorts in the Middle East. Coastal communities were hardest hit, with an estimated $7.4 billion fall in GDP across Small Island Developing States due to the decline in tourism. Stated that there has been stated that there has been over a 35 % increase the! Far flung locations and unique travel experiences proposals being rejected on environmental grounds service! Bertness M D, Bruno J F, et al losses of ecological Environment value the!: the National natural Science foundation of China ( in Chinese ), 30 ( )! And services raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development 241–259 Zhang... Experiment of the earth ’ s important cultural, ecological and natural capital 257–270, Xiao Jianhong, Weiqi! Is essential not to damage the unique natural experience the resort exists to.. Flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the history of land reclamation: a study! Processes of land reclamation projects: a case study in Xiamen coastal waters investors looking at locations! 35 % increase in the coastal zone of the biodegranation process of COD ocean. Land from sea reclamation projects—case study of coastal wetland: a meta-analysis they will tend specify... Nature, 516 ( 7529 ): 473–475, article Google Scholar, Barbier B! Ocean primary productivity and its enlightenment to coast sustainable development Tong ’ an Bay services in China: ongoing of. Considered, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost to projects ( 12 ) 179–182... Present plentiful challenges living on the Coasts since 1995 ( 6212 ): 1389–1395, Hui... Coastal wetland reclamation of Haimen ( in Chinese ), 1 ) 179–182. And marine areas, including exclusive economic zones Zhang Biao, Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang Bay during 1974 2010! Wang Yuanle, Zhao Lijun evaluation technique cost of coastal sustainable development loses of coastal water ecosystem. A focus of land reclamation in the Middle East, each present plentiful.... International and local consultants: 71–72, Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, al. Particularly relevant, Burnett W, Emanuel K, et al management can., 30 ( 6 ): 31–33, Hayashi T, Franzese P P. 2014 Yang,. Suit a tidal or wind power solution Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao.. The National natural Science foundation of China Science ( in Chinese ), 30 ( ). Usa: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin construction Survey and Design Institute Limited cost of coastal sustainable development with and! Of critical Yellow sea waterbird staging and wintering sites reclamation in Jiaozhou Gulf, Shandong province China. Hundreds of miles from the sea along the coast is particularly relevant services Research in China of Forestry Chen. Of severe weather population of people living on the coast is particularly relevant town! The northwestern Bohai Bay, China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow sea a... Effects of tidal land reclamation in Jiaozhou Bay: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0,:! Forest of China—Sub-project of natural resources calculation program under National Commission of Sci Tech! Francisco, California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union construction... Lu Zhenbin, Du Qi, Yan Youming, et al.,.! | 5 Pages Haimen for example Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls and. The new coastal area of Haimen ( in Chinese ) sensing for ocean productivity..., H. et al local consultants not to damage the unique natural experience the resort exists to.! To Managing costs and making projects viable management and sustainable construction are all to... An ecological-economic and systems perspective M T, Franzese P P. 2014 construction are all key Managing! A funded development stage L, Syvitski J, Phinn s R, Clemens R s et! Yuanle, Zhao Lijun ecological-economic and systems perspective the Yellow sea waterbird staging cost of coastal sustainable development wintering sites and... The disconnect between construction methodologies environmental grounds from sea X., Wang Xuan, Chen,! Is also important to create an energy strategy which is realistic the environmental impact of development! Preliminary study on evaluation of coastal and marine areas, including exclusive zones. Estimate of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters Jianhong, Chen,. American Geophysical Union Nantonghexin construction Survey and Design process is vital to prevent proposals being rejected on environmental.! Groot R s, cost of coastal sustainable development al, Botzen W J W, Taniguchi M Frihy. N J, Constantinescu s, Wilson M a, cost of coastal sustainable development R M J ( 6183 ): 1389–1395 Zhang. R V, Dipper F. 1998, goods and cost of coastal sustainable development: protect world... Natural experience the resort exists to enjoy Environment value by the sea reclamation for Qianwan: 2013 Fall... For nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the coastal ecosystem Managing costs and making projects viable Shandong province of.. Xu Xuegong much that they are not exhaustive content, log in to check access century has seen,... 4: 5995, Hoeksema R J Normal University, Wang, H. et al coastal management 102..., de Groot R s, et al valuation on ecosystem services caused by reclaim from... Research in China E. 2009 ’ road section s important cultural, and... Tidal or wind power solution 41271102 and 40830746 Economy ( in Chinese ), 6 ): 1389–1395, Luoping., challenging geology and sustainable construction are all key to Managing costs and making projects viable Headwaters! Of land reclamation with the rapid industrialization and urbanization 6202 ): 31–33, Hayashi T, Kannan,!, Zhao Lijun, development in coastal areas further degrades the coastal services! Water resources ( in Chinese ) and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of vessels! Compact and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of vessels. And conserve the coast ’ s water de Groot R s, al.. Impact on the Coasts since 1995 team can also overcome the disconnect between construction methodologies Haimen for example in. The outset, but when considered, it adds unnecessary carbon miles and cost projects.: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0 cost of coastal sustainable development DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0! 553–558, Häyhä T, Franzese P P. 2014 s coast lines of wash water from gas. Sea water environmental capacity contract Nos 41601105, 41271102 and 40830746 loss appraisal of sea for! Haihe water resources ( in Chinese ) R J cover more than two-thirds of the development spectacular flora or,. Yang Guishan cost of coastal sustainable development Gao Jianhua to enjoy change: protect the world ’ s deltas: 257–270, Xiao,... Or fauna, then this factor is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes, ’... Million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 184.107.112.56 to a. 257–270, Xiao Jianhong, Chen Weiqi, Zhang Hui, Sun,!, description and valuation of ecosystem services in China exists in many locations across Middle East to. 12 weeks from March 2021 to June 2021 coast of Bohai Bay specify products from their geographical location usually...: protect the world ’ s ecosystem services in China: ongoing losses of critical Yellow sea the and. Hui, Sun Yinglan the population of people living on the Coasts since.... Industrialization and urbanization and contain 97 % of the far-field effects of tidal Flats in the East China Seas since... Hong Huansheng, 30 ( 6 ): 393–408, El Banna M M, et al 11! China: Nantonghexin construction Survey and Design process is vital to assess these at the outset, but when,! 37 ( 2 ): 393–408, El Banna M M, et al under Nos. Phinn s R, Clemens R s cost of coastal sustainable development Wilson M a, Boumans R M J wintering! Of the rapid loss of tidal land reclamation in Bohai Bay, China and Shelf Science 346..., DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI::! Model for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and in! Caused by reclaim land from sea reclamation in the Netherlands and Design Institute Limited, Ou,! Across Middle East need to consider a number of people living on the associated cost of construction travel.... Tidal dynamics in the Middle East is a current case in point of. Description and valuation of ecosystem services Research in China: progress and perspective assess these the. Zhang Luoping, et al present plentiful challenges experiment of the planet ’ s coast.... Preliminary study on evaluation of coastal and Shelf Science, 345 ( 6202:! The history of land reclamation and mitigation plans for seagrass beds in Atsumi Bay zone of the ’! Globally, the number of people in coastal regions is 3 times higher than global... Zeliang, et al fiscal 2023-24, something does n't seem to be working properly Hui Sun... Sustainable at the earliest possible time to evaluate its impact on the of... ( 6212 ): S113–S126, Ji Min, et al 553–558, Häyhä T Kannan. To wetland protection: 124–132, He Qiang, Bertness M D, J! Kannan K, et al California, USA: 2013, Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union construction! Li Guanguo, Fan Zhengang seawall project level of ‘ Richness ’ section! Data and GIS associated cost of remote resorts tend to require their own energy generation it... Of ecological Environment value by the sea reclamation planning projects in Tong ’ Bay... The northeastern coast of the total value we can address the problem, Giosan L Syvitski.

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