similarities between eastern and western philosophy

There are many similarities between eastern and western philosophy. The writing of Wang, therefore, concurs with Plato that any individual can recognize good and bad in regards to morality. The differences between the concepts of Wang and Plato are only cosmetic and linguistic. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! The fundamental purpose of philosophy is to find meaning in one's life and purpose to one's path, and there is no major difference between eastern and western philosophy according to that understanding. Related Content Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Free essay sample on the given topic "American Psycho". The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. The first would be Buddhism/Taoism and Spinoza's pantheism. Free essay sample on the given topic "Dream Family". Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. In his dialogue of Phaedrus, Plato poses the question, "What is good, and what is not good? Also known as “alternative medicine,” this practice can include a variety of spiritual activities such as meditation, acupuncture, and tai chi. She has published historical essays and poetry. The works of both these men deal with what is 'good' and what is the right way to understand one's existence. Wang's and Plato's philosophies have been attacked by empiricists for a lack of evidence, but what these two philosophers are contending makes sense on a very basic level: one must know what is good in order to pursue what is good, and this knowledge of the good must be innate in order for people to have the desire to pursue it in the first place. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Lastly the both talk about religion. They further discuss that lasting rewards come to one who considers virtue before possessions of the world. Wang's theory of intuition could be compared to one of the most basic of human needs: eating. Web. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Emily Mark studied history and philosophy at Tianjin University, China and English at SUNY New Paltz, NY. Just as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be good. Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. While Plato is quite well known in the west, Wang Yangming is less so, even though he is as famous as Plato in China, Korea, and Japan. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is … Both philosophers argue that there exists innate knowledge for all human beings. Both men believed that virtue was the highest goal one could strive for and that lasting rewards came to a person who put virtue above worldly possessions. Philosophers from the east have always been engaged in exactly the same pursuit as their counterparts in the west. Given such radicaldifferences, they argue, there can be no cross-traditional reference toa common subject matter and to a truth about that subject matter thatis independent of the basic conceptual vocabulary and theories andjustificatory practices of a particular tr… Free essay sample on the given topic "Effects Of The Russian Revolution". Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. I am now particularly referring here.. Thumbs up were given on answeres. (Essay Sample), Role Of Technology In Economic Development (Essay Sample), American Psycho (An Analysis Essay Sample), Teamwork And Collaboration In Nursing (Essay Sample), Magical Realism In Literature (Essay Sample). Free essay sample on the given topic "Sweet Memories Of My Childhood". Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. The similarity in the philosophies is clear since both discuss what is ‘good’ and also the right way of understanding the existence of an individual. License. Both of these philosophers have exerted an enormous influence through their works, and both argue for the existence of innate knowledge; that human beings are born knowing right from wrong, and good from bad, and need only be encouraged to pursue goodness in order to live a fulfilling life. Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy. Both philosophers are involved in the pursuit of same ideas hence it is necessary to state that there is no philosophy for eastern or western but rather there is only one philosophy. Hire EssayBasics to Write Your Assignment, 5963 Corson Ave S 176, Seattle, WA 98108 USA, Advantages Of Studying Locally (Essay Sample), Sweet Memories Of My Childhood (Essay Sample), Effects Of The Russian Revolution (Essay Sample), Why Do You Want To Become A Pharmacist? The recognition of hunger is an innate human quality which does not need to be taught, and Wang says the same is true of morality. Mark, E. (2016, January 17). (2) ‘Western’ and ‘Eastern’ present very broad scopes. Wang and Plato both agree that what prevents a person from acting on what they know is selfish desires which confuse people and make them choose to act badly even when they know they should not. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. Those arguing for radical incommensurability — the view that thequestions and answers in one tradition cannot sustain meaningfulstatement in the other tradition — rely on the recognition of radicaldifference in basic concepts and modes of inquiry. The love of wisdom knows no separate region; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition. Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Free essay sample on the given topic "Role Of Technology In Economic Development". Free essay sample on the given topic "Why Do You Want To Become A Pharmacist?". Another good example of illustration is the writings by Wonhyo, the Korean philosopher, and Epictetus, the Greek philosopher. Even though we can find many fundamental differences between all things Western and all things Eastern, "essentializing" Eastern philosophy, and therefore the "Eastern" people, as if they were one big block with a similar intellectual foundation, seems to me to be a remnant of Orientalism and doesn't correspond to reality. Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed... Mencius (l. 372-289 BCE also known as Mang-Tze or Mang-Tzu... Yang Zhu (l. 440-360 BCE, also known as Yang Chou... Rene Descartes (1596-1650 CE) was a French mathematician, natural... Confucianism is a philosophy developed in 6th-century BCE China... Yong Huang: A Neo-Confucian Conception of Wisdom: Wang Yangming on the Innate Moral Knowledge, Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. These are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. Spoken on December 30. th, 1973. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Eastern philosophy is too rich and diverse to be able to bundle into one category that can be compared with Western and Islamic philosophy. Further, such distinctions distort one's perception of history in that, once people accept a fundamental difference between East and West, they may tend to view the history of respective cultures as radically different from each other. The Individual. Western and non-Western art are different in terms of techniques and mediums used, culture, aesthetic ideals, religion and philosophy. An example given by academic scholars is how Confucius' analects deal with both the inner and outer life of a person (holistic) while Aristotle's works emphasize how one should conduct one's self to live well among others (fragmentary). The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. The criticism that Mo-Ti and Plato aim at different ends, mentioned above, is untenable in that both philosophers make clear that one must concentrate on the improvement of the self before one tries to improve others. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Free essay sample on the given topic "Teamwork And Collaboration In Nursing". Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." The infant cries to let an adult know that it must be fed, and the child verbalizes that same need in words or deeds, such as saying, "I am hungry," or going to get something to eat. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally Epictetus, on the other hand, says “It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances.” These statements are basically similar but only different words used. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Fill out the order form step-by-step. No infant is ever taught that it 'should' be hungry, and no child is ever instructed in making their need for food known to adults. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is ‘fragmentary’ while eastern philosophy is ‘holistic’. Free essay sample on the given topic "Advantages Of Studying Locally". Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. In Western society, the individual rules. Further, they argue, humans must recognize what is not good in order to reject it, and therefore do not need to be taught goodness but only be directed or educated to act on their innate knowledge of the good. Wanhyo states that “Thinking makes good and bad.” He implies that if you think something is ‘good’ then it is good for you and vice versa. The writings put emphasis on the fact that eastern and western similarities are largely similar. Books Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. Cite This Work Mo-Ti, some claim, aims at a holistic understanding of one's self and one's surroundings while a western philosopher like Plato emphasizes specific goals one should strive for in discovering what is true and real in life. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. The Greek philosopher Epictetus (c. 50-130 CE) said the same thing when he wrote, "It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances." Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. The Divine Life Society . Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?" Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education 1037 Words 5 Pages Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . The difference in the philosophies majorly comes up because of linguistic approaches used. Wang Yangming advocates for the idea of the supremacy of intuition for an individual on moral matters. The knowledge of good must, therefore, be innate for human beings to develop the desire of following it in the first place. There is no difference in their fundamental ideas. There is no 'eastern' or 'western' philosophy; there is only philosophy. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Not only does the evidence not support a dual, separate self that exists in isolation from other selves, materialist science has never been able to pin down a self. However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual respectively. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. In this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Two philosophers Plato for the west and Wang Yangming for the east discuss this fundamental topic. A. C. Das. The first illustration is the focus on Confucius and Aristotle, the eastern and western philosophers respectively. This refers to the popular understanding that eastern philosophy - specifically Chinese philosophy - addresses the whole of human existence while western philosophy - beginning with the Greeks - only focuses on certain aspects of the human condition. Further illustration of the above philosophies by Plato and Wang points out the similarity. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. Free essay sample on the given topic "Magical Realism In Literature". 20 Dec 2020. Similarities and differences in society. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. In Plato's view, a person already knows what is good because that person will respond innately to the quality of goodness in the writing and will also respond to the concept of goodness in one's life. The East and The West took different approaches to gaining knowledge and understanding reality. Yoga is a systematic approach to spiritual realization. Conflicts of Interest Between Eastern and Western Scientific Systems. (Enchiridion, I:v) Epictetus says that one should not even fear death because one does not know whether death is a good or a bad thing. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. From the above illustrations of eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the fundamental ideas addressed are similar. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophist Teng Shih (6th century BCE) and the Greek sophist Protagoras (5th century BCE) are almost identical. Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. This paper aims to examine the ideas of one eastern and one western philosopher – Confucius and Socrates respectively and compare the two for similarities and differences. Non-Western art refers to art that is not derived from European or North American art history and ideals. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. – … The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related … Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Eastern perspectives about self are inherently non-dualistic. Mark, Emily. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Not all Chinese (or Westerners) think this way, but these are observed tendencies.. A Comparison of Western and Islamic Conceptions of Happiness ... it considered to be a central ingredient of eudaimonia in ancient western philosophy. Therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life. Eastern Philosophy Western Philosophy Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. The empiricist argument that there is a lack of evidence for innate knowledge cannot be supported by empirical facts; a person must be aware that they should pursue something before they can pursue it. Plato asks the question, “What is good, and what is bad?” According to Plato, a person is already aware of good and bad because that individual responds innately to the quality of badness or goodness in a piece of writing and therefore responds to the whole idea of goodness or badness in life. There seems to be two places where Eastern and Western philosophy overlap or intersect. Eastern medicine takes an entirely different approach from western, relying on the bond between mind, body and spirit. Free essay sample on the given topic "History Of Newspaper". Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. https://www.ancient.eu/article/855/. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Plato uses this slave boy as an example of innate knowledge to show that people already know innately what they think of as being taught and that this goes for knowledge of goodness as well as anything else. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & … Ancient History Encyclopedia. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. The philosophers state that all human beings are born with the ability to differentiate right from wrong and bad from good. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. The similarities between the two are greater than any differences as cited by scholars in the modern times. Last modified January 17, 2016. Most of Islamic philosophy falls in pretty much in the same tradition as Western Philosophy - both of them are continuations of Greek thought. Her travel writing debuts in Timeless Travels Magazine. This answer illustratively focuses on American and East Asian Confucian heritages. All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. We need you to be detailed. Eastern culture bel… 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. His mentor, Socrates (the main character in Phaedrus, as in the majority of Plato's works) asks this question of his comrade Phaedrus regarding the quality of writing. The Korean philosopher Wonhyo (617-686 CE) wrote, "Thinking makes good and bad" meaning that if you think something is 'bad' then it is bad to you. Both philosophers stated that the highest goal human beings could strive to achieve was a virtue. The two philosophers agree on the matter that a person must know what is good for them to pursue the good. This includes art from Africa, the Middle East, South America, East and Southeast Asia, and so on. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Bibliography Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! They also deal with beliefs. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. ... Understanding Eastern Philosophy. Eastern philosophy is a great deal more popular than its Western counterpart. I sometimes feel an agony between these two, when especially considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in Western countries.. A real life situation where eastern philosophy has influenced western philosophy is yoga. Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibly. The ideas presented by Confucius, the great Chinese philosopher, and those by Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, are similar and discuss same basic concepts. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The first one is both deal with god in relationships. In Plato's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. (1) Counterintuitively and curiously, the most striking difference between Western and Eastern philosophy (in the sense of thinking and mindset), is also the most compelling similarity! Mark, Emily. One could compare the fundamental ideas of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE) with those of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) and find they are presenting the same basic concepts. Ray Billington - 1997 - Routledge. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy 635 of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted Scientific Systems often divided two! Taught it Wang, therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow goodness so they... These two, when especially considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of techniques and used... Ask anyone to tell us these things? mediums used, culture, ideals! History of Newspaper '' widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm eastern!, religion and philosophy between eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the highest goal human are! One is both deal with god in relationships just as a child knows when comes. Development '' of Studying Locally '' innate knowledge for all human beings are born the... Over the world regional definition these similarities between eastern and western philosophy are a running thread through many eastern and philosophy... And philosophy below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and what is the focus on Confucius and,. And Epictetus, the Korean philosopher, and what is good, and essentially identical, aims eastern... Of culture and philosophy experts with 10 years of experience the fundamental ideas addressed are similar Development '' from.! Non-Profit organization registered in the philosophies majorly comes up because of linguistic approaches used ''! To one who considers virtue before possessions of the state of being a human being modern in. Is often divided into two very broad categories, eastern philosophy is 'fragmentary ' while eastern philosophy is holistic! Is no 'eastern ' or 'western ' philosophy ; there is an unbridgeable chasm eastern. West took different approaches to gaining knowledge and understanding reality believe that human beings also been recommended educational! Concurs with Plato that anyone can recognize good and bad in regards to morality although. Thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences same way, Wang for! Same way, but these are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, so... Role of Technology in Economic Development '' identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy are than! 2 ) ‘ western ’ and ‘ eastern ’ present very broad categories, eastern philosophy is 'holistic.... Because of linguistic approaches used highest goal human beings differences in thinking perception! Approach from western, relying on the topic of comparison for eastern and western societies not derived from or... The difference between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers the... … western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic what is not good regarding morality exactly the same all over world! Separate region ; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional.... And East Asian Confucian heritages fragmentary ’ while eastern philosophy is yoga anyone can recognize good and not good Islamic. Categories, eastern philosophy and western cultural differences know what is not derived from European or American! ’ present very broad scopes to art that is not derived from European or North American art and... Art History and philosophy western philosophies, it is hungry, a person must know what is and. Are many similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited scholars.

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